Emperor Xiaozong (27 November 1127 – 28 June 1194) was the eleventh emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the second emperor of the Southern Song.
His personal name was Zhao Shen. He reigned from 1162 to 1189. His temple name means “Filial Ancestor”.
Xiaozong was the 7th generation descendant of Emperor Taizu, the founder of the Song Dynasty.
He was found after Emperor Gaozong lost his only child and heir and thus ordered the administration to look for all the descendants of the imperial family all across southern China (all the close relatives of Gaozong had been captured by the Jurchen invaders when they entered the capital Kaifeng during their conquest of northern China in 1127).
Xiaozong was the second son of Zhao Zicheng ( ? -1143), known posthumously as Prince Xi of Xiu’an , who was a sixth cousin of emperors Gaozong and Qinzong.
Zhao Zicheng was the son of Zhao Linghua , known posthumously as Duke of Qing , who was a fifth cousin of emperors Huizong and Zhezong.
Zhao Linghua was the son of Zhao Shijiang , known posthumously as Marquess of Huayin , who was a fourth cousin of Emperor Shenzong.
Zhao Shijiang was the son of Zhao Congyu , known posthumously as Marquess of Xinxing , who was a third cousin of Emperor Yingzong.
Zhao Congyu was the son of Zhao Weixian (979–1016), known posthumously as Duke of Ying , who was a second cousin of Emperor Renzong.
Zhao Weixian was the second son of Zhao Defang (959–981), known posthumously as Prince Kanghui of Qin , who was a first cousin of Emperor Zhenzong, and the second surviving son of Emperor Taizu.
Xiaozong’s mother, titled Princess Xiu ( ? -1167), was from the Zhang family.